Space Astronomy Laboratory
ASTRO - 2
OBJECT: Beta Lyra (BET-LYR)
Other names: HD 174638, Sheliak
ID # 3323
UW Astronomer: Geoff Fox
Beta Lyra is a binary system located about 860 light years away in the constellation of Lyra. The primary star is a young B star, with a diameter 19 times that of our Sun, and it shines 3000 times brighter.
Beta Lyra is the prototype of a class of eclipsing binary stars, the Beta Lyrids. It goes through an eclipse with its companion every 13 days, varying in magnitude from 3.4 to 4.3.
The secondary star, a late A star, has a diameter 15 times that of our Sun. Due to a separation of only 22 million miles, their atmospheres mix (mass from the primary flows to the secondary), causing the orbital period to increase by 9.2 seconds annually. Once the mass of the primary star equals the mass of the secondary star, the process will reverse. Rapid rotation and gravitational distortion make both of these stars ellipsoidal in shape.